Many parents will start English education when their children are young and receive English training for children. Topics related to children’s English learning will appear in our lives from time to time. Some parents are entangled and some parents are at a loss. So what stages do children need to go through in the process of learning English from enlightenment to proficiency? Let’s take a look.
When to give children English enlightenment? In what way, starting from “listening”? What is hearing? What is spelling? What is autonomous reading? Questions such as those always haunt us. For the children’s future, English is always a hurdle that children must pass through. Many of our parents, regardless of our English level, whether we use English in our daily life and work, but for the sake of our children, we all have one thing in common: that is to continue to give positive encouragement and support around the child, so that the child I learned English through the contact between Japanese and English, and finally reached the point of proficiency. But sometimes after children have been learning English for a period of time, they are still reluctant to speak, so parents may question themselves and their children’s efforts: the children’s English seems to have not improved at all? Are we wasting time and money by doing this? ?
The first stage
Pre-language period refers to the period from the child’s English enlightenment to the mastery of nearly 500 English vocabulary. According to individual differences, such as the children’s learning style and the time spent on English every day, the time each child spends at this stage is different. This is the silent stage of children’s English.
Just as babies learn their mother tongue, they communicate with people through facial expressions and gestures before they learn to speak. This phenomenon usually occurs when children are learning English. During this period, children watch pictures, actively listen, and use the surrounding environment to help understand the meaning of English words and sentences they have heard/learned, and practice pronunciation.
Children also show their English comprehension by imitating gestures and facial expressions (this is also a precursor to children’s English conversation).
They may also repeat the English words and sentences they hear or see completely, but they have not been able to express their wishes clearly in language and communicate in English freely. They were like parrots, repeating what they heard intact.
The important practice method for children’s English learning in this period should be “listening”. From English nursery rhymes, nursery rhymes, and English picture books with CD will be the most effective learning methods at this stage.
Children at this stage have come out of the period of English rejection and have mastered and understood nearly 1,000 English words. Although they have not learned English grammar, they often make grammatical errors when using it.
But because they remember some English words and vocabulary, they also try to use these English words and phrases to communicate with people.
I love you.
“Mummy come soon.”
“Stop it” and so on.
At this stage, parents should try to encourage and praise their children for their efforts to speak English.
The third stage
Language formation stage: (Speech emergence)
At this stage, children have mastered about 3,000 English vocabulary, and can communicate with people using simple English phrases and sentences, and can also ask questions in simple English.
May I play with your toys? (Can I play with your toys?),
Let’s have lunch. (Let’s eat).
Maybe we sometimes pay more attention to whether children can speak English, but in fact, at this stage, children’s English comprehension ability exceeds their expressive ability, and children can also understand short English stories with pictures. At this stage
Although children in this period often make grammatical errors.
They may try to use English as much as possible, but they still can’t express their meaning in the correct form.
For example: When a child sees ice on the ground, she may say: water frozen.
This is an important stage in the English learning process, because the children’s English comprehension has been greatly improved, and they start to read and write in the English they have learned.
At this stage, the child has mastered nearly 6,000 English words and phrases. When they talk to people in English or write in English, they begin to use more complex sentences to express their opinions and ideas, and they can also ask questions in English.
In the process of learning English, children will use English translated from their native language. For example, the price is quite suitable for me. The correct English should be: The price is right.
But the child may say: The price is very suitable for me.
They will also help them learn English with the help of their own experience in learning their mother tongue.
Chinglish we often see is the best example.
But it can also be seen from it: It is easier for children with a good native language to learn English.
This stage is also a key stage of English learning. Children in this period start to think in English, which can help the children’s oral English development.
According to the research of linguists, if you want to be proficient in a foreign language, it generally takes 4-10 years (some think it is 7-10 years) of continuous learning.
In order to maintain the fluency of their own English conversations, children also need to constantly use English to participate in discussions in their daily lives, so that their English will not be lost. English is a phonetic language. From the very beginning, English has the characteristics of pronunciation and spelling are closely linked.
Modern young children’s English adopts the natural spelling method of English. By directly learning the pronunciation rules of 26 letters and letter combinations in words, establish the perception of letters and letter combinations and pronunciation, understand and learn the mystery of English letter combinations, and master English spelling Law, so as to achieve the learning purpose of reading words when you see them and spelling them when you hear them.
In the early stage of English enlightenment, through the learning of natural spelling, children can develop their sense of prosody and their interest in English learning. Proficiency in a foreign language requires constant and continuous effort. Parents and children must be patient. Persevere and avoid rushing for quick success.