I The most basic Chinese structure 汉语基本句型
Chinese sentences are usually made of three parts: the subject (S), the verb (V) and the object (O). Usually, it is like this: S+V+O.
Wǒ jiào Màikè.
我 叫 麦克。
My name is Mike.
Zhè shì Hànyǔ shū.
这 是 汉语 书。
This is Chinese book.
Wǒ rènshi tā.
我 认识 他。
I know him.
II Sentence with an adjective as the predicate 形容词谓语句
When an adjective functions as the predicate of a sentence, we call it a sentence with an adjective predicate. This type of sentences is used to describe or evaluate someone, something, or a state of affairs.
a) Adjectives in such sentences usually take an adverb before them.
Shànghǎi hěn dà.
上海 很 大。
Shanghai is very big.
b) If they don’t have an adverb, then meanings of the sentences will not be descriptive. Rather, they may imply a sense of comparison.
Běijīnɡ dà, Shànɡhǎi yě dà.
北京 大， 上海 也 大。
Beijing is big, Shanghai is also big.
c) Negative form: “bù”+adjective
Wǒ bù máng.
我 不 忙。
I’m not busy.
In a sentence with an adjectival predicate, “shì” can’t be inserted between the subject and the predicate.
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