English learning lies in long-term accumulation and application. In the process of learning, everyone must master the learning methods and use the right methods to improve efficiency in learning. Many friends think that English writing is the most difficult. If you want to write a good English article, you need to accumulate more words and sentences. Below, the editor of Hujiang will share with you the rhetoric techniques commonly used in writing, which can be used as a reference for learning.
rhetoric devices are generally used in literary writing. However, in college English English writing, certain rhetorical devices with English characteristics are sometimes needed, and if they are used well, they will make the sentences lively and add highlights. Therefore, mastering some common rhetoric means is also very necessary to realize the highlight of the sentence. For college English writing, you should master the following rhetorical devices, also known as sentence rhetoric, including structural rhetoric and semantic rhetoric. Contrast, parallelism, repetition, and inversion are structural figures of speech, while escaping, puns, and contradictions are semantic figures of speech.
1. Contrast is to use symmetrical English sentence patterns to express complementary meanings, so it is often necessary to use antonyms appropriately. Once the content to be expressed has this situation, we should try our best to choose this symmetrical sentence pattern and choose appropriate antonyms to strengthen the sentence and realize the highlight of the sentence.
1) For example, “Many people will soon discover that they are rich in material, but poor in spirit”, this can be achieved as follows:
Many people will soon find themselves rich in goods, but ragged in spirit. (Note: In the sentence, rich in and ragged in, goods and spirit have a positive and negative relationship and effect.)
2) If “the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages”, it can be expressed like this:
The advantages for outweigh the disadvantages. (Note: the advantages and the disadvantages in the sentence have a positive and negative relationship and effect.)
3) For example, “They have noticed some truth in these statements, but they have overlooked an important fact”, it can be expressed like this:
They have noticed a grain of truth in the statements, but have ignored a more important fact. (Note: In the sentence, have noticed and have ignored, a grain of truth in the statements and a more important fact have a positive and negative relationship and effect. .)
4) For example, “This has both positive and negative effects”, it can be expressed like this:
It will have both negative and positive effects by so doing. (Note: In the sentence, negative and positive have a positive and negative relationship and effect)
5) For example, “We have friends who are very similar to us, and friends who are very different from us”, it can be expressed like this:
We have friends similar to us and friends different from us. (Note: similar to and different from in the sentence have a positive and negative relationship and effect)
2. Parallelism is sometimes used in English. This kind of sentence is neat and powerful without making people feel monotonous. For example, such as “Reading makes us smart, exercise makes us strong”, can be expressed like this:
Reading makes us wise while exercises make us strong. 3. Repetition in English generally emphasizes conciseness, so occasionally using repetition to express emphasis can make the emphasis of the sentence stand out. English repetition is divided into sentence beginning repetition, sentence end repetition, beginning to end repetition, and end repetition according to the position of the repeated words in the sentence.
1) For example, “Now is the time to forget everything in the past. Now is the time to get back to business. Now is the time to fight for the future”, can be expressed like this:
Now is the time to forget everything in the past. Now is the time to get down to the business. Now is the time to work hard for the future. (Note: This sentence is the beginning of the sentence and the repeated part is the beginning of the sentence now it the time to)
2) For example, “We are eager to succeed, and are working hard for success”, can be expressed like this:
We long for success and we are working hard for success. (Note: This sentence is repeated at the end of the sentence, and the repeated part is for success at the end of the sentence.)
3) Such as “I believe we can succeed, I believe we will succeed too”, can be expressed like this:
I am convinced that we can succeed, and Iam convinced that we must succeed. (Note: The beginning and end of the two sentences connected by and are repeated at the same time, and the repeated part is I am convinced that and the end of the sentence Succeed)
4) For example, “We are now living in a new era, and a reform is full of risks and opportunities”, can be expressed like this:
We are now living in a new era, and a new era of reform is always full of ventures and chances. (Note: the end of the sentence before and is repeated with the beginning of the sentence after and, and the repeated part is a new era.)
4. Inversion The inversion mentioned here is different from the aforementioned non-rhetorical inversion of grammatical structure. The non-rhetorical grammatical structure inversion is limited by the grammatical structure of the sentence, and there is no room for free choice. As long as the sentence pattern that requires inversion structure is used, the inversion structure should be adopted. The inversion mentioned here refers to the inversion of the rhetorical semantic structure, which is a means of emphasizing. It uses the special position at the beginning (or end) of a sentence. For example, if “a new era of reform full of risks and opportunities is coming to us”, it can be expressed like this:
Now on coming to us is the new era of reform full of ventures and chances. 5. Escaping Escaping is a rhetorical means of flexible use of words, mainly including metaphor, personification, exaggeration, irony, euphemism, etc., and metaphors include Simile, metaphor, metonymy, synonymy, etc.
1) If you want to express “the past experience is always lingering in the mind like a picture”, the English can be:
What had been experienced in the past was always looming in memory like a picture. (Note: This sentence uses similes, and similes are characterized by using the word like)
2) If you want to express “our English teacher is our best English dictionary”, English can be:
Our English teacher is our best English dictionary. (Note: This sentence uses metaphor. The characteristic of metaphor is to use the similarities between things as a metaphor. The difference from simile is that it does not use the word like)
3) If you want to express “I am reading Shatubia”, the English can be:
I am reading Shakespeare. (Note: This sentence uses metonymy. The feature of metonymy is to directly borrow the name of one thing instead of the name of another thing, and use association to understand its meaning, but not all things can be replaced Yu to express)
4) To express “a helper is needed here”, the English can be:
A hand is needed here. (Note: This sentence uses synonymy. The feature of synopsis is to use a part of a thing to represent the whole of a thing or use the whole of a thing to represent a part of a thing. Here, the word hand is used to represent the whole person )
5) If you want to express “a huge misfortune envelops the whole city”, the English can be:
A great misfortune crept over the whole city. (Note: This sentence uses personification. The characteristic of personification is to personify things)
6) If you want to express “this kind of thinking is really great stupid”, the English can be:
This is really a great stupid idea. (Note: This sentence uses irony. Irony is characterized by deliberately turning things around, which is ironic)
7) To express “I am so eager to succeed. I am ecstatic when I hear the news of success”, in English:
I was mad for success and on the news of success I went mad with joy. (Note: This sentence adopts exaggeration. The characteristic of exaggeration is to exaggerate deliberately to show the characteristics of things)
To learn English, you can’t go fishing for three days and surf the net for two days, but you have to persevere and work hard. In the process of learning, you can pay more attention to some English-related songs, movies, etc. to increase your interest in English learning. You can also learn English through the Hujiang English website. There are many methods and information for English learning on the Hujiang website, which can be of great help to learning English.